A rare BAME only survey by HOPE not hate Charitable Trust has found that a majority of almost all ethnic minority communities feel that the police were biased against people from their background. Overall, 65% of survey felt that way, with four out of five Black and Bangladeshi heritage respondents feeling that way, down to around half of Chinese & Indian heritage respondents.
A majority of all respondents felt that ethnic minorities were dealt with more harshly by the court system, varying between 53% of Indian respondents and rising up to 71% and 75% of Bangladeshi and Black respondents respectively.
But this scepticism about the trustworthiness of the police and courts was balanced by a fair-minded approach to police men and women with a large majority feeling that the police as a whole were good and that the problem was a few individuals. Black communities were slightly lower but still a majority. Younger people were more likely to see this as a systemic issue than older respondents; 55% of 16-24s agree that ‘the police as a whole are good, it is only a few individuals who are a problem’ compared to 81% of over 65s.
A majority said they would feel proud if a family member joined the police with only 18% saying they wouldn’t and 30% replying neutrally.
However, the idea of ‘defunding the police’ was popular with a majority of BAME respondents supporting the move across all ethnicities and ages, with women most likely to agree that the Government should reduce spending on front line policing and divert money to preventative areas such as youth work, social care and mental health services.
BAME communities also favoured a rehabilitative approach to crime as opposed to a carceral solution.
Reacting to findings Detective Inspector Andy George, Interim President, The National Black Police Association said:
“The National Black Police Association welcomes the results of the survey recently conducted by HOPE not Hate charitable trust which confirms our current concerns on trust and confidence in UK policing within Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic communities.
We recognise that policing needs to understand each community has differing needs and experiences of policing. Building strong relationships with ethnic minority communities makes us more likely to understand new and emerging crimes in the community and more likely to receive community intelligence which will allow us to target those causing most harm in the community.
Now is the time to acknowledge the evidence produced in this report and build long term strategies to increase trust and confidence in Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic communities.”
Interfaith relations are generally good, with a majority sharing positive views of others from different religious groups. However, Muslims are seen more negatively overall and there are tensions between a minority of Hindus and Muslims. There was some negativity among a minority of Muslims towards Jews, but outweighed by the much larger number of Muslims feeling positive towards Jewish people